Surname Shields. Heraldry

Surname Shields. Heraldry

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Heraldry is one of the auxiliary Sciences of History. Heraldry comes from Heraldo. The heralds, in medieval times, were knights, always of the most accredited nobility, judges in charge of directing and dictating the laws that should be obeyed during tournaments. They were also responsible for the examination of the merits of the knights who participated in the "games." They conscientiously examined their titles of nobility, investigating their weapons and the right they possessed to carry certain heraldic motifs on their shields. They were the ones who attributed to each Surname its corresponding Coat of Arms. A futile and vain tradition, destined to satisfy the pride and vanity of the nobility.

In general, the emblems of a noble family were chosen in an arbitrary way, according to the taste of the nobleman who wished to use them. They were hereditary, and for this reason it was soon necessary to register them and to establish rules for the use of the blazon. The shields of the warriors, on the contrary of the relatives, were always based on some act of weapons trying to fix the memory of the feat carried out and that through the descendants, immortalize the action.

Heraldry that studies weapons, or armories, does not deal with elements of war to attack or defend against a possible enemy. It refers to the insignia or blazon with which the knight wants to identify himself, being therefore an honorific emblem. The reference of Heraldry in tournaments, in combats and fights, reached its apogee at the time of the Crusades, when religious exaltation together with warrior sentiment, awakened the need for the blazon to distinguish knights from one another and, at the same time , expose their exploits in the records of history, tradition and memory of the heroic deeds carried on the battlefields.

G. Eysembach, in his book "History of the Coat of Arms", explains that the coat of arms, a mysterious language, an ingenious and surprising language of universal use for the nobility of Christendom, established a heroic brotherhood among all Gentile men, it was the cornerstone of the feudal building, the cement and the key to the vault - as an ancient author says - of the aristocratic hierarchy ".

The blazon, a sign of hierarchy, was synonymous with courage, loyalty and verve. A bad action could turn off your clean performance. It was the worst thing that could happen to a gentleman. Whoever did not meet the precise conditions, could not participate in a tournament. The blazon was also the exponent of a trade. Non-tournament artisans also had their own shields. They were inherent in the trades they practiced.

Heraldry, in its many manifestations, is intimately linked with history. Together with the noble genealogy by investigating the coat of arms of the noble families, some shields that in this case are called Nobility.

The first shields arose in Germany. In Spain they date from the 11th century. At present, due to historical studies, Heraldry is reborn from the ostracism of the 19th century.

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